Special travel tips for the northern region of Ladakh.
Ladakh is a division of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir and occupies about 40% of the territory of this state. It consists of the administrative districts Kargil and Leh. You should note the following tips there:
Mountain sickness occurs especially with rapid ascent to over 2,300 m. It can lead to potentially very dangerous dysfunction of the lungs and brain. Even young, healthy and well-trained people can fall ill, also if they used to manage high altitudes and fast climbs without any problems. We advise asthmatics and people with heart or lung problems not to travel to Ladakh. You should drink a lot (about 2 – 4 litres on the day). If you have issues on the way, contact the staff immediately.
In Ladakh the same vaccinations apply as in India, we recommend you to make an appointment with your doctor and again to have everything thoroughly checked and to seek the advice on needed vaccinations. You should always have a travel pharmacy or at least the following materials at your disposal: patches, disinfectant spray, personal medication and remedies for bowel problems. As mentioned above, people with heart/lung problems should not travel to the region. Otherwise, there is always much rest, moving slowly and drinking plenty of water. Still, pay attention to enough sun protection for open spots. Alcohol and cigarettes should not be consumed; this can lead to severe problems.
Since Ladakh is a very cultural and religious place, we ask you to adapt accordingly. The clothes play an important role. It is best not to dress very easily in very holy places (temples, stupas, gompas, and statues): do not wear short pants or skirts, cover your shoulders best. In the temples you should by no means be dressed lightly, this is a very respectful place, in some temples you have to take off your shoes, so it would be helpful to have a pair of socks with you. In winter, it will be a little colder; we´d recommend to dress well and the other way around in the summer.
The spoken languages are Ladakhi (Ladakhi) – an older dialect of Tibetan or more rarely Hindi. Only some of the people speak fluent English. Most of Ladakh’s approximately 290,000 inhabitants are Tibetan Buddhists. Small Christian churches exist in Ladakh since the 19th century.
Ladakh is in Jammu & Kashmir, but an autonomous region with two districts. If safety is a problem, then you should be more concerned with the mountains than with the terrorists. AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness) and the more dangerous versions (HAPE etc.) are real issues to watch out for. But people in the Ladakh region (Buddhists and Muslims) live in harmony and Ladakh is a safe place on this earth.
To travel to India, all those who are not citizens need a visa. You will have to apply for the visa 2 to 4 weeks before the trip. If you combine a trip, for example, India – Nepal – India you need a multiple-visa that allows you to travel in and out multiple times. Otherwise, all tourists require an Inner Line Permit to visit specific areas like Nubra Valley, Pangong Tso Lake, Tso Moriri Lake, Da Hanu etc. These are issued for seven days. Read here how to apply for E-Visa.
As already mentioned, the climate in Ladakh is very diverse. The best time to visit Ladakh is summer from June to September. During these four months, the days are warm and sunny, in Leh and the surrounding areas (20-30 degrees Celsius) and at night pleasant. The two most popular months are July / August for cultural tours and trekking to higher regions. The tourists come as soon as the passes are precise on the Manali-Leh Highway and the Srinagar-Leh Highway. This happens around May / June.
With help from https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ladakh – https://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/DE/Laenderinformationen/00-SiHi/IndienSicherheit.html
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